Trained Animals will be used in specific roles to augment engineered solutions. For example hawks and other birds of prey will be used to provide counter- nano unmanned air system (UAS)┬ácapability. Trained hawks have been used historically to target prey animals at the command of their ‘master’. They will be trained to target small/nano sized UAS that might otherwise be hard to detect in cluttered Urban environments.

Other birds/bats could be trained to carry small cameras/sensors to provide situational awareness for small units of ground troops, for example by moving in conjunction with a squad of troops and perching on convenient high points (lamp posts, tall buildings, trees etc). Natural curiosity and predatorily instincts will focus their attention on unusual activity.